The 5E Instructional Model is a flexible model based on constructivist theory appropriate for all age groups. Its goals are embedded in five phases of learning, each represented by a word beginning with an E:
Constructivism in a Nutshell
In essence, constructivism refers to the idea that learners construct knowledge for themselves – individually and socially – as they learn. Therefore:
1. We must focus on learners – not the subject or lesson to be taught – when designing the learning
2. Knowledge is dependent on the meaning constructed by the learner or community of learners.
Bybee, R. W., Taylor, J. A., Gardner, A., Van Scotter, P., Powell, J. C., Westbrook, A., & Landes, N. (2006). The BSCS 5E instructional model: Origins and effectiveness. Colorado Springs, CO: BSCS.
Constructivist theories of learning:
Fosnot, C. T. (2013). Constructivism: Theory, perspectives, and practice. Teachers College Press.
Duffy, T. M., Lowyck, J., & Jonassen, D. H. (2012). Designing environments for constructive learning. Springer Publishing Company, Incorporated.