Why is transfer of training considered so important for managers and training professionals? In order to “achieve success with a particular training solution, the trainees or learners must demonstrate improved performance on the job” (Adams, 2009). At CPG, we have designed, developed, and provided assessments of organizational and training solutions that have focused on measuring and improving cognitive performance. One of the key points we have learned is that effective training is about creating the conditions for successful training transfer, and instructors are the first people in the trainees’ support system that can help create those conditions.
What can instructors do to improve transfer of training?
Adams (2009) provides a starting point for instructors for improving transfer of training. Through her research, she recommends the following:
- Incorporate realistic examples of content application that is relevant to the job.
- Use rich analogies to increase retention of information and add interest.
- Present new skills in a conceptual context prior to asking learners to practice new skills.
- Include sufficient practice of new skills during the training event.
- Use clear and effective visual aids.
- Consider the use of pre-training assignments.
- Keep concepts and skills aligned with job tasks.
- Utilize post-training follow ups.
- Create/maintain an environment that is supportive of continued learning.
- Continue training outside of the classroom and include front-line management.
Have you applied any of these methods as an instructor and what were the results?
Adams, M. (2009). Transfer of training: The key to maximizing training retun-on-investment. Retrieved November 4, 2013, from http://voices.yahoo.com/transfer-training-4158935.html?cat=3.
Coates, D. E. (2007, October). Enhance the transfer of training: Tips, tools, and intelligence for trainers. Alexandria, VA: American Society for Training & Development.
Cretella, P. (2013). Training today: Ensure your training is effective Retrieved November 8, 2013, from http://trainingtoday.blr.com/employee-training-resources/Ensure-Your-Training-Effective.